Data Strategy vs Data Architecture

This is done as a means to determine how information relates, so that technologies can be identified or created to support working with the information in a powerful and meaningful way. Examples of technologies supporting information architecture are search engines and semantic web, e.g. I had the experience once of observing an innocent data architect expressing this understanding to an Information architect. I will never forget the rather harsh “correction” the data architect received.

But defining that middle ground will have to wait until our next article, when we tackle data truth. Join us for this in-depth four-day workshop on the DMBoK, CDMP preparation, and core data concepts – January 9-12, 2023. Many organizations struggle to manage their vast collection of AWS accounts, but Control Tower can help. More and more, some functions of the data analyst are being automated, but even with automation, analysts remain important to the creation of future information states.

information architecture vs data architecture

They also work with business users to assess data needs and review business processes. Then, they use the information they’ve gathered to create data models. Ideally, a well-designed data architecture helps an organization develop effective data analytics platforms that deliver useful information and insights. In companies, those insights improve strategic planning and operational decision-making, potentially leading to better business performance and competitive advantages.

By keeping them together, resources can be pooled which could be more advantageous. Nevertheless, it could also be argued that data architecture is foundational for information architecture to happen. Information architecture might be seen as a specialization of data architecture and would benefit from a mature data architect’s practice which has at the ready governance, principles and policies to leverage.

How are data architecture and information architecture related?

The ability to grow, adapt to changing technologies, expand with business conditions, and otherwise evolve is crucial for business networks. An IT professional would look at the architecture of an IT system during initial planning systems—i.e. With technology evolving and changing as fast as it is, it’s incredibly important to have an IT infrastructure that’s flexible and easy to upgrade.

Data architects: How to become one, salary, skills and more – Dataconomy

Data architects: How to become one, salary, skills and more.

Posted: Fri, 18 Nov 2022 15:45:12 GMT [source]

Best practices are usually focused at the detail level, he said, but best practices really should start at a higher level. They should also evolve over time, yet by identifying something as a “best practice,” it is less likely to be challenged over time, even when it ceases to be a best practice. Algmin prefers the concept of “guiding principles,” such as data value and business impact, which allow for more flexibility and responsiveness to each unique situation. There are differing theories about where to start, but Burbank recommends starting with an in-depth Maturity Assessment based on a framework that shows how vision and strategy relate to tools and technology. “These are all very simple questions, but just two questions in each box can speak volumes,” she said. Before we move into the architectures, let’s first see how data differs from information.

Data Governance vs. Data Architecture

However, a process would be what happens after you launch one of these programs. These processes do not count as separate entities in the IT infrastructure plan. As said before, an organization’s needs can change over time, even if they didn’t plan for those needs initially. However, you also have to consider things like the hardware you have to work with, the building’s size, how much traffic it needs to support, and more. In reality, information architecture isn’t just the design of an IT system.

Assists in translating conceptual and logical data models into physical data models. Data lakes have been rising in popularity these days but are still confused with data warehouse. However, it’s important to realize that these two have unique differences and are used in different ways.


In short, data can be thought of as the zeros and ones, whereas information is what those zeros and ones are trying to say. Many IT experts use “data” to denote the raw numbers, names, addresses, and other abstracted contents that used to fall under the purview of “data processing” back during the mainframe and early PC eras. Back when computational power was limited and expensive, it was enough of a miracle just to get an organization’s finances, payroll, and mailing lists into digital form. Selects the types of databases, such as relational, column, graph or document types, that are the best fit for the data architecture.

information architecture vs data architecture

If you only had a few computers on your business network, for example, you might decide to set up a linear network topology. In this setup, all of the computers and devices are connected to a single cable or line. Not only is it essential to keep your business network in tip-top shape for the sake of your customers, but it’s vital for the sake of any employees you might have, too.

Automate workflows to simplify your big data lifecycle

This is often where database analysts and developers enter the process, to drive the implementation. A conceptual data model focuses on what data should be in the system. Data architects are often involved in creating this model, but the input from relevant business stakeholders is fundamental. The purpose of the conceptual data model is to organize and define business concepts and rules. Data modeling is on the selection and organization of the data, rather than on how you will eventually use the data.

For example, an “order” could be viewed one way by the sales department and another way to the accounting department. We have to know if we are dealing with a sales order from an external customer or an order placed by our organization to the supply chain for raw goods and materials. The first deals with interrogatives (who, when, why, what, and how – columns). The second deals with reification (the transformation of an abstract idea into concrete implementation – rows/levels). Published (“Unstructured content assembled from its component pieces, into a desired format and disseminated to a target audience and implemented using technologies that optimize discovery, search and retrieval”). That, say the advocates of Information Architecture, is what they mean by “Information.” They define information as a superset of data; something bigger, vaster.

The logical data model defines how to implement the system, regardless of what DBMS you will eventually use. This model is often created by data architects, working closely with business analysts and the relevant business stakeholders. The logical level is where you develop a technical map of all the rules and data structures. Data architecture looks at the input data and determines how it is captured, stored and integrated into other platforms. It defines how the data is to be collected, stored, organised, distributed and consumed. Here, rules are created and the process with which datasets will be connected is decided.

information architecture vs data architecture

As part of its data strategy an organization will require two ‘architectures’; one devoted to raw data, the other devoted to the information that builds on that data. An organization’s data architecture will define how data is to be collected and organized. Rules and practices must be created to govern the structures of databases and file systems, as well as the processes which connect the data to the areas of the organization that require it. It takes raw data and makes it digestible for the information architecture. Information architecture, on the other hand, aims to give structure to the process of converting the data into useful information. Once the data has been delivered with the help of the data architecture, the information architecture then takes over to convert that data into real insights.

Datasets: A Community Library for NLP by Hugging Face

While data architecture can support operational applications, it most prominently defines the underlying data environment for business intelligence and advanced analytics initiatives. Its output includes a multilayer framework for data platforms and data management tools, as well as specifications and standards for collecting, integrating, transforming and storing data. Data modelling and data warehousing are the skills to be known by a data architect. Data careers are becoming increasingly important and popular all across the globe, simply because “data” is the new currency of the data economy. The pandemic gave the needed push to accelerate the digital transformation of global businesses, and currently, the primary market differentiator is an enterprise’s data infrastructure readiness. This data infrastructure comprises systems, processes, tools, and qualified manpower.

Starting in the mid-2000s, the adoption of big data technologies in businesses added unstructured and semistructured forms of data to many architectures. That led to the deployment of data lakes, which often store raw data in its native format instead of filtering and transforming it for analysis upfront — a big change from the data warehousing process. The new approach is driving wider use of ELT data integration, an alternative to ETL that inverts the load and transform steps.

  • A Self-Study List for Data Engineers and Aspiring Data Architects contains some interesting resources for aspiring data architects and data engineers.
  • We’re working in a fast-paced digital economy in which data is extremely valuable.
  • For instance, making recommendations that a piece of data could be better implemented as a dashboard or document attachment.
  • Its main objective is to create information assets out of the collected information.
  • “Logically you cannot be as capable if you don’t have a full view into what’s around you,” he said.

Once the information architecture receives the data from the data architecture, it is its job to convert it to meaningful information. A data architect is an IT professional in the seniority level defining information architecture with expert skills in their field who works on developing databases. To do their job, they use numerous programming tools to create solutions for managing and storing data for organizations.

In the past, most data architectures were less complicated than they are now. They mostly involved structured data from transaction processing systems that was stored in relational databases. Analytics environments consisted of a data warehouse, sometimes with smaller data marts built for individual business units and an operational data store as a staging area. The transaction data was processed for analysis in batch jobs, using traditional extract, transform and load processes for data integration.

IBM Cloud Pak for Data

Most industries adopted the relational database systems and they became part of the fabric of every industry. Whereas a data architect’s scope is mostly limited to the “What” and from a system model/logical perspective. Seamless data integration, using standard API interfaces to connect to legacy applications. Robust, scalable, and portable data pipelines, which combine intelligent workflows, cognitive analytics, and real-time integration in a single framework. Originally developed by John Zachman at IBM in 1987, this framework uses a matrix of six layers from contextual to detailed, mapped against six questions such as why, how, and what.

Data Strategy vs. Data Architecture

Works with data architects to design the data integration framework and processes. Works with business subject matter experts to design the conceptual data models, logical data models and business process models that comprise the evolving enterprise data model. The data analyst’s typical day involves the gathering, retrieval and organization of data from various sources to create valuable information assets. This is someone who likely works in both systems comprised of data architecture and information architecture.

To know what model you need, you have to start by defining the use case. Our discussions shed light on how technology is transforming many facets of our life, from business to society to culture. AIM discovers new ideas and breakthroughs that create new relationships, new industries, and new ways of thinking. AIM is the crucial source of knowledge and concepts that make sense of a reality that is always changing. While BAU does not offer its own on-campus housing, we have established relationships with apartments in the D.C.

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